Space Travel 2020

What’s new16May 23 at 6:03pm

Wormhole, Time Travel, Space by TJ Morris

Portal Stargate the Beginning 2019-2020  

Theresa J Morris is now sharing her story in 2019 of her Time Travel Project. Please join ACO Association, Allied Command Organization, Alien Contact Org, UFO Association, or UFO Secret Space Command. We are sharing a series of books with Janett Kira Lessin, Sasha Lessin, Phd., and Ken R Johnston Sr. 

Not Project Pegasus or Project Stargate however, Portal Stargate for Wormhole Travel

May my mind of reason or imagination be of help to anyone? I will remain open to the possibilities that we can obtain space travel in our cosmos expo journal with our UFO Association and Allied Command Org.

ACO is an acronym for all that is outside of her own personal being as in humanoid sentient intelligent being. She is a researcher of all that is outside of her and inside of her. She shares that we all can be writers.

American Communications Online is sharing the open source media with social media online and groups on Facebook. Theresa J Morris is sharing opportunities to embrace the digital experience of ALIENOLOGY. UFO Association is co-created for ufo enthusiasts who desire to be known among their peers. 

“We all are special, and spirit and we can share with one another as a team of peers.” TJ Thurmond Morris- I am a Coach-healer-metaphysician who shares my experiences when asked too to co-create as in quantum entanglement with another soul conscious mind as a giving and receiving unit of space and space-time with an understanding that we are not alone in the universe and that alien civilizations exist!

My mission is to connect that which we can all make possible for future generations to come as our calling and election made sure. Found weighed and not wanting four our immortal sentient soul of a being which we call ascension master technicians of our master race of supreme beings who do live as immortal souls. We rise to the challenge which can be daunting and yet we are all miracles of life as we know we exist inside and outside our own physical mind and body as spirit and essence or also as particles and waves. That which we can ascertain as our own reality both inside and out as microcosm and macrocosm is special and makes up a new whole part of our own growth as the growth occurs for the theory of everything.

Time Travel Zero Point Energy Field Faster than the Speed of Light is consciousness. We are the duplicator, developer, and senders and receivers of the imprints of our past and our present and future.

Nothing artificial about consciousness or artificial intelligence. Intelligence is an emergent field of particles and waves including emotions and feelings and this is not just zeros and ones in place like an eternal device.

We must learn how to tap into the field of conscious information and loop it back on itself to become self-aware for characteristics as emotions, feelings, empathy that not all electronics have. We as humanoid sentient intelligent beings share. We share the self-loop of plasma as a state of matter. We will learn how to travel in space based on what our minds can imagine and accomplish over time as we learn to communicate and to grow out towards our own selves in our conscious reality which is growing. We are in a constant feed back loop and we all reshape our own selves and our future which is constantly changing and moving in the various universes and dimensions as particles and waves and the outcome of when one wave meets another in what we now call a quantum entanglement. There are filters we call strings or fibers and 

These can make clusters which can turn around and make knots in space time while all is traveling and rotating in the plasma and dark matter we now know as the slowed down in the speeded up of time and friction in what we now call the all or space which is ever expanding from something comes the original of nothing and we have yet to define the beginning which came from something though in the original Sumer myth was first water then earth then sky as the main three however if this was from the all we call this the 8th level or infinity squared.

Plasma is the most dominant state of matter and this is matter that has cooled off in our physics topics.

How we control gravity with the cooling off plasma as what we now find as the source of all matter and antimatter. What we use is a nuclear fission as cold plasma to control gravity.  

Most artificial plasmas are generated by the application of electric and/or magnetic fields through a gas. Plasma generated in a laboratory setting and for industrial use can be generally categorized by: •The type of power source used to generate the plasma—DC, AC (typically with radio frequency (RF)) and microwave •The pressure they operate at—vacuum pressure (< 10 m Torr or 1 Pa), moderate pressure (≈1 Torr or 100 Pa), atmospheric pressure (760 Torr or 100 kPa) •The degree of ionization within the plasma—fully, partially, or weakly ionized •The temperature relationships within the plasma—thermal post artificial plasmas are generated by the application of electric and/or magnetic fields through a gas. Plasma generated in a laboratory setting and for industrial use can be generally categorized by:

•The type of power source used to generate the plasma—DC, AC (typically with radio frequency (RF)) and microwave

•The pressure they operate at—vacuum pressure (< 10 torr or 1 Pa), moderate pressure (≈1 Torr or 100 Pa), atmospheric pressure (760 Torr or 100 kPa)

•The degree of ionization within the plasma—fully, partially, or weakly ionized

•The temperature relationships within the plasma—thermal (Plasma, n.d.)plasma


Plasmas are the object of study of the academic field of plasma science or plasma physics, including sub-disciplines such as space plasma physics. It currently involves the following fields of active research and features across many journals, whose interest includes:


Research indicates that magnetic fields created by plasma during a thunderstorm can induce hallucination in the human mind. A declassified Ministry of Defense report states that it is “medically proven” that magnetic fields related to plasma cause hallucinations and that “the close proximity of plasma-related fields can adversely affect a vehicle or person”. The report also indicated that scientists in the former Soviet Union are pursuing related technology for military purposes.

We will share the box fusion that we used in and among our cosmos travel. We understand that we must grow the control of gravity and we will reach space by way of our future with our imaginations. American Communications Online is sharing the open source media with social media online and groups on Facebook. Theresa J Morris is sharing opportunities to embrace the digital experience of ALIENOLOGY. UFO Association is co-created for ufo enthusiasts who desire to be known among their peers.

Everything in science fiction was in our imaginations of consciousness creating our future.

The people now use smart phones and at one time was something like a tri-corder on Star Trek.

We now have laboratories around the world working on creating gravitational anomaly. All our technol0ogy came from Maxwell’s equation and Faraday’s cage for instance. So now we take an approach towards physics spending highly advanced magnetic fields and high velocity and super conducting at faster than the 5000RPM, but we need it faster than the speed of light.

Rotating a physical object was too slow. Why not just biomimicry the universe and make a star in a jar and Nassim Haramein patented a device that makes plasma inside a crystal ball. So, it spins and has gravitational alteration. We will learn from intelligent thinkers who expand the normal to include that which we can imagine. We share our time on earth among all of our thoughts which included flying cars like the Jetson’s we watched as cartoons when growing up in the 60’s while watching man walk on the moon. We will be traveling the solar system as we will go faster and able to transverse the cosmos.

We have learned in the last woo years how to go from one side of the world to the other with technology and our planning the future as visionaries. It is fun to speak about human innovation and in 2000-2035 is an exponential curve of innovation. We share every 2 years an increase of what was once equal to twenty years in our overall goals in linear time. 

Particles are not in a vacuum but in a field of discovery which is now accepted by the standard community of physics. It’s extraction of energy form the structure of space and gravitati0onal control is how humanity shall colonize a future planet in space within a humanoid habitable zone.

The future is for all the forward thinkers who can go inside and touch the inner verse while observing the outside world that becomes their reality.  

Wormholes precited by Einstein’s field equation is supported but until recently, it was not taught that we could open wormholes and travel through them. We now share that the zero-point energy and the density of the field is so high, and the physics works out as to tapping into the field of that warp drive like 

Harold Sonny White at Nasa. Warp Field Mechanics 101 Dr. Harold “Sonny” White NASA Johnson Space Center 2101 NASA Parkway, MC EP4 Houston, TX 77058 e-mail: See this paper link pdf.;

There is a path for NASA to open a wormhole as not being limited by the speed of light using gravity control. We will have the expertise to construct all the molecules to arrive at the same place at the same moment. We do not have a standard theory, so a new theory is emerging with the particles which are entangled. ER=EPR and Susskind and others that shows one can write physics in such a way that entangled particles can be figured out.

No matter how far particles are apart we can basically use lasers and plasma technology to learn about modifying instantaneous with non- agreement Einstein Rosen – Einstein Potulski Rosen which is entanglement at the quantum level. Basically, relativity is applied at the quantum level. So micro wormholes and connecting things is where we are now in the equations.

We have shared that time travel and travelling as in teleportation. Basically, I must think about deconstructing someone so we can recreate them from the dead as in a soul. We presently do have cloning and the information is in the structure of space. So now we have the limits of our own morals and ethics of humanity and our ideas of what is meant by our omnipresence over time and we are information in the structure of space. Every Plan second, we are updating the present moment and being here and not being here is a normal example.

Being completely honest about measurement and adding velocity and we are moving with the earth and around the sun and then add the sun and its orbit around the super cluster inside the various levels of the universe. We only move relative to “US” or “Movement of ME” or doing and undoing and then it is us as a whole and it is happening at frames of a Planck time and like a movie has frames in the speed of light so we do not see the plank second intervals. We must imagine the concept of very fast measurements which we exist in as fission is and we redo the whole body within every second of “US”. The analogy is to imagine the redoing and undoing ourselves and we are learning to do and redo in one universe. We are learning how to take the mind bending and we can redo our biology. Can we train our bodies from disease and stop changing as we wonder why we age, and decay and we have memory in the structure of space? I was told by Tom and Time in Memory in Space is that the one thing we do here is breathe and  oxygen here is what destroys us over time here in the estimate of studies of what we are as the impact of consciousness of our body on our own reality. We have the random generators and the law of influence of a computer or a psychic, but Princeton University studied this and Nassim Harriman can share a workshop on the nature of reality. 

Nassim can take a 13-hour talk and condense it into 6 hours for What is Consciousness with the fundamental principles of space and matter and the relationship of the two. Nassim has helped others learn in his workshops about our great thinkers and the physics that emerged into his holographic math solution and how it was supported by experiments.

From ancient cultures to various developments being shared around the world is how we will define our future visionaries linear time in to record our history with our Ascension Center Education as the ACO Invisible College or A Coin Visible College. We share our meaning whether it is visible to the neophyte or the trainer in training of our ACE Metaphysical ERA COP as ACE Educational Research Association Community Online Press. 

Regarding Matter-antimatter symmetry and dark matter from torsion

We propose a simple scenario which explains the observed matter-antimatter imbalance and the origin of dark matter in the Universe. We use the Einstein-Cartan-Sciama-Kibble theory of gravity which naturally extends general relativity to include the intrinsic spin of matter. Spacetime torsion produced by spin generates, in the classical Dirac equation, the Hehl-Datta term which is cubic in spinor fields. We show that under a charge-conjugation transformation this term changes sign relative to the mass term. A classical Dirac spinor and its charge conjugate therefore satisfy different field equations. Fermions in the presence of torsion have higher energy levels than antifermions, which leads to their decay asymmetry. Such a difference is significant only at extremely high densities that existed in the very early Universe. 

We propose that this difference caused a mechanism, according to which heavy fermions existing in such a Universe and carrying the baryon number decayed mostly to normal matter, whereas their antiparticles decayed mostly to hidden antimatter which forms (Poplawski, 2011) dark matter. The conserved total baryon number of the Universe remained zero.

(Jr, n.d.)


Plasma is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the 1920s. Plasma can be artificially generated by heating or subjecting a neutral gas to a strong electromagnetic field to the point where an ionized gaseous substance becomes increasingly electrically conductive, and long-range electromagnetic fields dominate the behavior of the matter. (Plasma, n.d.)

(Heger,  Alang-Rashid, & Jamshidi, 1995)

Nuclear fission

(Safety of Nuclear Power Reactors, n.d.) (Azevedo,  2011) (Webster,  Witkin, & Cohen-Fix, 2009) (Nuclear  fusion – your time has come, n.d.) (Nuclear  fusion – your time has come, n.d.) (Nuclear  Decommissioning: Decommission nuclear facilities – World Nuclear Association,  n.d.) (US and Russia  in danger of returning to era of nuclear rivalry, n.d.) (Nuclear Power  Plants and Earthquakes – World Nuclear Association, n.d.)

Cold fusion


Nuclear fusion is normally understood to occur at temperatures in the tens of millions of degrees. This is called “thermonuclear fusion”. Since the 1920s, there has been speculation that nuclear fusion might be possible at much lower temperatures by catalytically fusing hydrogen absorbed in a metal catalyst. In 1989, a claim by Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann (then one of the world’s leading electrochemists) that such cold fusion had been observed caused a brief media sensation before most scientists criticized their claim as incorrect after many found they could not replicate the excess heat. Since the initial announcement, cold fusion research has continued by a small community of researchers who believe that such reactions happen and hope to gain wider recognition for their experimental evidence.

Early research

The ability of palladium to absorb hydrogen was recognized as early as the nineteenth century by Thomas Graham. In the late 1920s, two Austrian born scientists, Friedrich Paneth and Kurt Peters, originally reported the transformation of hydrogen into helium by nuclear catalysis when hydrogen was absorbed by finely divided palladium at room temperature. However, the authors later retracted that report, saying that the helium they measured was due to background from the air. In 1927 Swedish scientist John Tandberg reported that he had fused hydrogen into helium in an electrolytic cell with palladium electrodes. Based on his work, he applied for a Swedish patent for “a method to produce helium and useful reaction energy”. Due to Paneth and Peter’s retraction and his inability to explain the physical process, his patent application was denied. After deuterium was discovered in 1932, Tandberg continued his experiments with heavy water.

Fleischmann–Pons experiment

The most famous cold fusion claims were made by Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann in 1989. After a brief period of interest by the wider scientific community, their reports were called into question by nuclear physicists. Pons and Fleischmann never retracted their claims but moved their research program to France after the controversy erupted.

Subsequent research

A 1991 review by a cold fusion proponent had calculated “about 600 scientists” were still conducting research. After 1991, cold fusion research only continued in relative obscurity, conducted by groups that had increasing difficulty securing public funding and keeping programs open. These small but committed groups of cold fusion researchers have continued to conduct experiments using Fleischmann and Pons electrolysis set-ups despite the rejection by the mainstream community. The Boston Globe estimated in 2004 that there were only 100 to 200 researchers working in the field, most suffering damage to their reputation and career. Since the main controversy over Pons and Fleischmann had ended, cold fusion research has been funded by private and small governmental scientific investment funds in the United States, Italy, Japan, and India.

Photo by Unknown Author

“Fig. 1. Silvered Dewar calorimeter” from Szpak & Mosier-Boss, “Thermal and Nuclear Aspects of the Pd/D2 System: Volume 1”, TR1862, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego. by This file is lacking author information. / Public domain

This photo was taken on 2/18/2005 at the United States Navy SPAWAR Systems Center in San Diego, CA. en:commons:Category:Cold fusion by Stevenkrivit at English Wikipedia / CC-BY-SA-3.0

(Secret space plane lands at US air force base after  unknown two-year mission, n.d.) (Wall, n.d.) (Wall, n.d.)

An artist’s illustration of the unmanned X-37B space plane during re-entry.

(Image: © NASA/Boeing)

The U.S. Air Force’s robotic X-37B space plane finally returned to Earth Saturday (June 16), wrapping up a mysterious mission that lasted more than year in orbit.

The unmanned X-37B spacecraft, also known as Orbital Test Vehicle-2 (OTV-2), glided back to Earth on autopilot, touching down at California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base at 5:48 a.m. PDT (8:48 a.m. EDT, 1248 GMT). The landing ended the X-37B program’s second-ever spaceflight, a mission that lasted more than 15 months with objectives that remain shrouded in secrecy.

Air Force officials announced the X-37B space plane’s successful landing in a brief statement posted on the Vandenberg website and emailed to reporters.

“Team Vandenberg has put in over a year’s worth of hard work in preparation for this landing and today we were able to see the fruits of our labor,” said Col. Nina Armagno, 30th Space Wing commander at Vandenberg. “I am so proud of our team for coming together to execute this landing operation safely and successfully.” [Photos: Air Force’s 2nd Secret X-37B Mission]

The X-37B stayed in orbit for 469 days this time, more than doubling the 225 days its sister ship, OTV-1, spent in space last year on the program’s maiden flight. Officials at Vandenberg said the spacecraft conducted “on-orbit experiments” during its mission. The landing window for the X-37B opened on June 11 and was expected to close on Monday (June 18).

An extended, mysterious mission

OTV-2 launched aboard an Atlas 5 rocket from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Air Force Station on March 5, 2011. The space plane was designed to stay aloft for 270 days, but the Air Force kept it flying well beyond that milestone in a mission that officials recently called a “spectacular success.”

“With the retirement of the space shuttle fleet, the X-37B OTV program brings a singular capability to space technology development,” said X-37B program manager Lt. Col. Tom McIntyre in today’s statement. “The return capability allows the Air Force to test new technologies without the same risk commitment faced by other programs. We’re proud of the entire team’s successful efforts to bring this mission to an outstanding conclusion.”

An X-37B robotic space plane sits on the Vandenberg Air Force base runway during post-landing operations on Dec. 3, 2010. Personnel in self-contained protective atmospheric suits conduct initial checks on the robot space vehicle after its landing. This same craft is due to launch again in fall 2012.

(Image: © U.S. Air Force/Michael Stonecypher)

Exactly what the spacecraft, which is built by Boeing, was doing up there for so long is a secret. The details of the X-37B’s mission, which is overseen by the Air Force’s Rapid Capabilities Office, are classified, as is its payload.

This secrecy has led to some speculation, especially online and abroad, that the X-37B could be a space weapon of some sort — perhaps a sophisticated satellite-killer. Some experts also suspect that the vehicle may be an orbital spy platform.

The Air Force, however, has worked to tamp down such speculation, stressing repeatedly that the X-37B isn’t doing anything nefarious hundreds of miles above the Earth’s surface.

“This is a test vehicle to prove the materials and capabilities, to put experiments in space and bring them back and check out the technologies,” Richard McKinney, the Air Force’s deputy undersecretary for space programs, said shortly after OTV-1 landed in December 2010.

“My words to others who might read anything else into that is, ‘Just listen to what we’re telling you,'” McKinney added. “This is, pure and simple, a test vehicle so we can prove technologies and capabilities.”

The X-37B looks a bit like NASA’s recently retired space shuttle, but it’s far smaller. The X-37B is about 29 feet (8.8 meters) long and 15 feet (4.5 m) wide, with a payload bay about the size of a pickup truck bed. Two X-37B vehicles could fit inside the payload bay of a space shuttle.

The spacecraft’s orbital longevity is enabled by its solar array, which generates power after deploying from its payload bay.

This size chart shows how the Boeing-built X-37B robot space plane compares to NASA’s space shuttle, a larger version of the spacecraft called the X-37C and an Atlas 5 rocket.

(Image: © AIAA/Grantz/Boeing)

Cargo and crew carrier?

While the X-37B currently flies only hush-hush missions for the Defense Department, its spaceflight role may be expanded in the future.

In its current state, the vehicle could fly cargo missions to the International Space Station, docking to the orbiting outpost’s common berthing port, Boeing officials have said.

Boeing is also looking into building a larger variant of the spacecraft called the X-37C, which could ferry up to six astronauts to the space station. The X-37C would be 65 to 80 percent bigger than the X-37B.

Originally, NASA used the X-37B as an experimental test bed until funding for the project ran out in 2004. The vehicle then passed to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, and it was ultimately turned over to the Air Force in 2006.

Vandenberg officials said the next X-37B mission will launch sometime later this year, most likely during autumn. That mission will use the first X-37B to fly, OTV-1, lofting it to orbit for a second flight.

Follow senior writer Mike Wall on Twitter @michaeldwall or We’re also on Facebook and Google+. (Goldstein,  2018) (Brown, 2018) (Lawmakers  question Trump’s Space Force proposal, n.d.)

United States Space Force


The United States Space Force is the proposed space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces, which is intended to have control over military space operations. It would be the sixth branch of the United States Armed Forces and the eighth American uniformed service.

Space personnel. Moreover, it was reported that the classified military intelligence space budget of the National Reconnaissance Office and other intelligence agencies may rival that of the Air Force. This split of acquisitions and budgetary authorities between 60 different organizations results in no single organization having overall authority or leadership for space, consequentially resulting in slower decision making, uncoordinated acquisitions efforts, and a lack of accountability for over-budget or over-schedule programs.

Split space workforce

Space personnel, much like space acquisitions, are scattered across the United States Armed Forces and Intelligence Community, with too small several individuals in most organizations to create a viable career track for space professionals. This is compounded by the frequent rotation of personnel in and out of space billets every few years, which prevents individuals from becoming familiar with the space domain. The traditional role of a military service is to organize personnel into domain-focused communities to develop domain-focused doctrine, strategy, and policies. This is done by the Army for land domain, the Navy for the maritime domain, and the Air Force for the air domain. The current services organize personnel and doctrine around their respective domains. Currently there is no such organization for space, which leaves the domain split and unstable.

Current military services’ conflict of interest on space

The current military services, the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force, and Coast Guard, are all organized and aligned primarily to prosecute war in their native domains of the land, maritime, and air, with space being seen as a secondary (Today–President Signs NASA 2010 Authorization Act,  n.d.) (Review of  U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans Committee, n.d.)support function. This conflict of interest has stymied the growth of space professionals. For instance, the Air Force has long been vocal about the fact that the other services place requirements upon the space systems that the Air Force operates without providing any of the funding. It, however, does not take this approach to air assets that support the other services. When the military services are forced to choose between space and their primary domain, it has historically been demonstrated that they chose their primary domain, whether it be the land, maritime, or air.

Role and mission

Role and mission

Once established, the U.S. Space Force is intended to become the lead military service for space operations, responsible for space doctrine, organization, training, matériel, leadership and education, personnel, facilities, and policy. The Space Force would be organized with the missions of: Protecting the United States’ interests in space and the peaceful use of space for all responsible actors, consistent with all applicable law, to include international law; Ensuring the unfettered use of space for the United States’ national security and economic interests, as well of that for U.S. allies; To deter aggression against the United States, its allies, and interests from hostile acts in and from space; To ensure that space capabilities are integrated and available to all combatant commands; To project military power in, from, and to space in support of the U.S.’s interests; And to develop, maintain, and improve national security space professionals. The Space Force would develop forces for: space situational awareness; satellite operations, and global, integrated, command and control of military space forces; global and theater military space operations to enable joint campaigns (to include missile warning); space support to land, air, naval, and cyber forces; spacelift and space range operations; space-based nuclear detonation detection; and prompt and sustained offensive and defensive space operations to achieve space superiority.

Proposed organization

Proposed organization

Initially the Space Force would be organized as a military service within the Department of the Air Force but would later be transferred to the Department of the Space Force, with the time to be determined by a periodic review. The Space Force would merge the military’s existing space forces and authorities. The Space Force would not include the National Reconnaissance Office, National Air and Space Administration, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, or other non-military space agencies. If approved by Congress, the Secretary of the Air Force would have overall responsibility for organizing, training, and equipping both the Air Force and the Space Force. Where appropriate, the Space Force would leverage existing Air Force infrastructure, except in performing those functions that are unique to the space domain or that are central to the independence of the new military service. The Space Force would assume responsibility for all major space acquisitions programs, as well as manage a distinct and separate budget, ensuring independence from the other services. The Space Force would include all uniformed and civilian personnel within the Department of Defense conducting and supporting space operations, centralizing management of space professional. The Space Force would also create career paths for military and civilian space personnel, to include operations, intelligence, engineering, science, acquisitions, and cyber. While establishing the Space Force, the DoD would utilize inter-service transfers, initial lateral entry, direct commission authorities, career incentive pays and retention bonuses, and waivers to accession policy. The military head of the Space Force would be the Chief of Staff of the Space Force (CSSF), who would be an officer in the grade of O-10. The Chief of Staff would be a full member of the Joint Staff and be the primary military expert and advocate for spacepower. An Undersecretary of the Air Force for Space, to be known as the Undersecretary for Space, would be appointed to provide civilian oversight, under the direction of the Secretary of the Air Force.

Transition plan

Transition plan

The Space Force is intended to be established over a five-year period, from FY 2020 to FY 2024. The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the existing military department secretaries and military service chiefs, would determine which of the current services’ forces would be transitioned over to the Space Force.

Fiscal Year 2020

If approved by Congress, the Department of Defense would first establish the Space Force headquarters element, enabling the Space Force to better integrate its operating forces. Initial headquarters size would total at approximately 200 military and civilian personnel, with most having expertise in policy, planning, personnel management, financial management, legal, and other service support functions. Additionally, a Chief of Staff of the Space Force and Undersecretary for Space would be nominated.

Fiscal Year 2021/2022

Transfer of most space forces from the other military services would occur over FY 2021 and 2022. This would include relevant space operational elements, acquisition elements, training and education elements, and other identified space-specific entities.

Fiscal Year 2023/2024

The transition period is expected to end in FY 2024, with the Space Force expanding and developing its capabilities. It is expected that the Space Force will establish new operational forces, as well as organic support, intelligence, and education capabilities.

Estimated costs and personnel


The United States Space Force is the proposed space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces, which is intended to have control over military space operations. It would be the sixth branch of the United States Armed Forces and the eighth American uniformed service. (United States Space Force, n.d.)

Estimated costs and personnel

While initially stood up with 200 personnel in FY 2020, the Space Force is expected to grow to 15,000 personnel, transferred from the existing military services, by FY 2024. At the end of this transition period 95% of the Space Force’s budget is expected to be composed of funds transferred from the other military services, with only an additional increase of $500 million (0.07% of the DoD budget) required per year. The total additional cost growth over those five years is estimated to be less than $2 billion, or approximately 0.05% of the DoD budget for the same period.

Mars 2020


Mars 2020 is a Mars rover mission by NASA’s Mars Exploration Program with a planned launch on 17 July 2020, and touch down in Jezero crater on Mars on 18 February 2021. It will investigate an astrobiologically relevant ancient environment on Mars and investigate its surface geological processes and history, including the assessment of its past habitability, the possibility of past life on Mars, and the potential for preservation of biosignatures within accessible geological materials. It will cache sample containers along its route for a potential future Mars sample-return mission.

Mission start

Jul 2020



Mission overview

The mission will seek signs of habitable conditions on Mars in the ancient past and will also search for evidence—or biosignatures—of past microbial life. The rover is planned for launch in 2020 on an Atlas V-541, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory will manage the mission. The mission is part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program. The Science Definition Team proposed that the rover collect and package as many as 31 samples of rock cores and surface soil for a later mission to bring back for definitive analysis on Earth. In 2015, however, they expanded the concept, planning to collect even more samples and distribute the tubes in small piles or caches across the surface of Mars. In September 2013 NASA launched an Announcement of Opportunity for researchers to propose and develop the instruments needed, including the Sample Caching System. The science instruments for the mission were selected in July 2014 after an open competition based on the scientific objectives set one year earlier. The science conducted by the rover’s instruments will provide the context needed for detailed analyses of the returned samples. The chairman of the Science Definition Team stated that NASA does not presume that life ever existed on Mars, but given the recent Curiosity rover findings, past Martian life seems possible.


The Mars 2020 rover will explore a site likely to have been habitable. It will seek signs of past life, set aside a returnable cache with the most compelling rock core and soil samples, and demonstrate technology needed for the future human and robotic exploration of Mars. A key mission requirement is that it must help prepare NASA for its long-term Mars sample-return mission and crewed mission efforts. The rover will make measurements and technology demonstrations to help designers of a future human expedition understand any hazards posed by Martian dust and will test technology to produce a small amount of pure oxygen (O2) from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). Improved precision landing technology that enhances the scientific value of robotic missions also will be critical for eventual human exploration on the surface. Based on input from the Science Definition Team, NASA defined the final objectives for the 2020 rover.


The three major components of the Mars 2020 spacecraft are the cruise stage for travel between Earth and Mars; the Entry, Descent, and Landing System (EDLS) that includes the aeroshell, parachute, descent vehicle, and sky crane; and the rover. The rover is based on the design of Curiosity. While there are differences in scientific instruments and the engineering required to support them, the entire landing system (including the sky crane and heat shield) and rover chassis can essentially be recreated without any additional engineering or research. This reduces overall technical risk for the mission, while saving funds and time on development. One of the upgrades is a guidance and control technique called “Terrain Relative Navigation” to fine-tune steering in the final moments of landing. In October 2016, NASA reported using the Xombie rocket to test the Lander Vision System (LVS), as part of the Autonomous Descent and Ascent Powered-flight Testbed (ADAPT) experimental technologies, for the Mars 2020 mission landing, meant to increase the landing accuracy and avoid obstacle hazards. A Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG), left over as a backup part for Curiosity during its construction, will power the rover. The generator has a mass of 45 kilograms (99 lb) and uses 4.8 kilograms (11 lb) of plutonium dioxide as the source of steady supply of heat that is converted to electricity; the electrical power generated is approximately 110 watts at launch with little decrease over the mission time. Two lithium-ion rechargeable batteries are included to meet peak demands of rover activities when the demand temporarily exceeds the MMRTG’s steady electrical output levels. The MMRTG offers a 14-year operational lifetime, and it was provided to NASA by the US Department of Energy. Unlike solar panels, the MMRTG provides engineers with significant flexibility in operating the rover’s instruments even at night and during dust storms, and through the winter season. Engineers redesigned the Mars 2020 rover wheels to be more robust than Curiosity’s wheels, which have sustained some damage. The rover will have thicker, more durable aluminum wheels, with reduced width and a greater diameter (52.5 cm, 20.7 in) than Curiosity’s 50 cm (20 in) wheels. The aluminum wheels are covered with cleats for traction and curved titanium spokes for springy support. The combination of the larger instrument suite, new Sampling and Caching System, and modified wheels makes Mars 2020 heavier than its predecessor, Curiosity, by 17% (1050 kg to 899 kg). The rover mission and launch are estimated to cost about US$2.1 billion. The mission’s predecessor, the Mars Science Laboratory, cost US$2.5 billion in total. The availability of spare parts makes the new rover somewhat more affordable. Curiosity’s engineering team are also involved in the rover’s design.

•Microphones will be used during the landing event, while driving, and when collecting samples.

•23 cameras in total are included in the Mars 2020 rover. (Mars 2020, n.d.)

Proposed landing sites

In May 2017, evidence of the earliest known life on land may have been found in 3.48-billion-year-old geyserite, a mineral deposit often found around hot springs and geysers, uncovered in the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia. These findings may be helpful in deciding where best to search for early signs of life on the planet Mars. The following locations are the eight landing sites that were under consideration in Sept 2015 for Mars 2020. A workshop was held on 8–10 February 2017 in Pasadena, California, to discuss these sites, with the goal of narrowing down the list to three sites for further consideration. The selected sites are: •Jezero crater •Northeastern region of Syrtis Major Planum •Columbia Hills, in Gusev Crater, where the Spirit rover landed In November 2018, it was announced that Jezero crater was chosen as the planned landing site for the Mars 2020 rover.

Proposed sample-return

A key mission requirement for this rover is that it must help prepare NASA for its Mars sample-return mission (MSR) campaign, which is needed before any crewed mission takes place. Such effort would require three additional vehicles: an orbiter, a fetch rover, and a Mars ascent vehicle (MAV). Dozens of samples would be collected and cached by the Mars 2020 rover and would be left on the surface of Mars for possible later retrieval. A “fetch rover” would retrieve the sample caches and deliver them to a Mars ascent vehicle (MAV). In July 2018 NASA contracted Airbus to produce a “fetch rover” concept. The MAV would launch from Mars and enter a 500 km orbit and rendezvous with a new Mars orbiter. The sample container would be transferred to an Earth entry vehicle (EEV) which would bring it to Earth, enter the atmosphere under a parachute and hard land for retrieval and analyses in specially designed safe laboratories.

Mission timeline

The mission has a current launch window of 17 July to 5 August 2020, where the positions of Earth and Mars are optimal for traveling to Mars. The rover is scheduled to land on Mars on 18 February 2021, with a planned surface mission of at least 1 Mars year (668 sols or 687 Earth days).

Science Goal 4:

Prepare for Human Exploration

The Mars 2020 rover has four science objectives that support the Program’s science goals:

Looking for Habitability:

Identify past environments capable of supporting microbial   life

Seeking Biosignatures:

Seek signs of possible past microbial life in those   habitable environments, particularly in special rocks known to preserve signs   of life over time

Caching Samples:

Collect core rock and “soil” samples and store   them on the Martian surface

Preparing for Humans:

Test oxygen production from the Martian atmosphere

All relate to the potential of Mars as a place for life. The first three consider the possibility of past microbial life. Even if the rover does not discover any signs of past life, it paves the way for human life on Mars someday. The Mars 2020 rover also conducts other scientific studies related to its four objectives. For example, the rover monitors weather and dust in the Martian atmosphere. Such studies are important for understanding daily and seasonal changes on Mars and will help future human explorers better predict Martian weather.

Mars 2020 Technology: Heritage and Innovation

Technologies for Entry, Descent, and Landing

The mission relies on successfully demonstrated technological innovations, especially for entry, descent, and landing (EDL). Like NASA’s Curiosity rover (Mars Science Laboratory mission), the Mars 2020 spacecraft uses a guided entry, descent, and landing system. The Mars 2020 mission landing system includes a parachute, descent vehicle, and an approach called a “skycrane maneuver” for lowering the rover on a tether to the surface during the final seconds prior to landing. This type of landing system provides the ability to land a very large, heavy rover on the surface of Mars in a more precise landing area than was possible before Curiosity’s landing. The Mars 2020 rover adds new entry, descent, and landing (EDL) technologies, such as Terrain-Relative Navigation (TRN). Terrain-Relative Navigation allows the rover to detect and to avoid hazardous terrain by diverting around it during its descent through the Martian atmosphere. A microphone allows engineers to analyze entry, descent, and landing. It might also capture sounds of the rover at work, which would provide engineers with clues about the rover’s health and operations.

Technologies for Surface Operations

The Mars 2020 rover design is largely based on the engineering design for Mars rover Curiosity. This reliance on a proven system reduces mission costs and risks. The rover’s long-range mobility system allows it to travel on the surface of Mars over 3 to 12 miles (5 to 20 kilometers). The rover has a new, more capable wheel design, among other improvements. For the first time, the rover carries a drill for coring samples from Martian rocks and soil. It gathers and stores the cores in tubes on the Martian surface, using a strategy called “depot caching.” Caching demonstrates a new rover capability of gathering, storing, and preserving samples. It could potentially pave the way for future missions that could collect the samples and return them to Earth for intensive laboratory analysis.

The Mars 2020 rover helps prepare for future human exploration of Mars with a technology for extracting oxygen from the Martian atmosphere, which is 96 percent carbon dioxide. This demonstration of new technology helps mission planners test ways of using Mars’ natural resources to support human explorers and improve designs for life support, transportation, and other important systems for living and working on Mars.

(, n.d.)

Mission timeline

Mission timeline

The mission has a current launch window of 17 July to 5 August 2020, where the positions of Earth and Mars are optimal for traveling to Mars. The rover is scheduled to land on Mars on 18 February 2021, with a planned surface mission of at least 1 Mars year (668 sols or 687 Earth days).


An, T. (2017). Specifying Coordinate in Result of   Potential Time Travel & Wormhole. Pure and Applied Physics, 5(4),   29-30. Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Azevedo, C. (2011). Selection of fuel cladding   material for nuclear fission reactors. Engineering Failure Analysis, 18(8),   1943-1962. Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Brown, B. (2018). Trump may boot Air Force   secretary over Space Force opposition, report says. Retrieved 5 23, 2019,   from

Faculty information sheet. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23,   2019, from

Goldstein, S. (2018). Trump Orders Establishment   of Space Force as Sixth Military Branch. Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Heger, A. S., Alang-Rashid, N. K., & Jamshidi,   M. (1995). Application of fuzzy logic in nuclear reactor control Part I: An   assessment of state-of-the-art. Nuclear safety, 36(1), 109-121.   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Heller, M., & Sasin, W. (1998).   Einstein-Podolski-Rosen experiment from noncommutative quantum gravity. arXiv:   General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, 453(1), 234-241. Retrieved 5   23, 2019, from

Hofer, W. A. (2011). Solving the Einstein Podolksy Rosen   puzzle: a possible origin of non-locality. arXiv: Quantum Physics.   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Image.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia:

Image.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia:

Image.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia:

Jr, J. J. (n.d.). Leonard Susskind discusses duel   with Stephen Hawking. Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Lawmakers question Trump’s Space Force proposal. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Mars 2020.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia: (n.d.). Overview – Mars 2020 Rover.   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Moreau, P.-A., Mougin-Sisini, J., Devaux, F., &   Lantz, E. (2012). Realization of the purely spatial Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen   paradox in full-field images of spontaneous parametric down conversion. Physical   Review A, 86(1). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Morris, T. J. (2014). Knowing Cosmology:   Ascension Age. Retrieved 4 11, 2019

Ne’eman, Y. (1983). Classical geometric resolution   of the Einstein—Podolsky—Rosen paradox. Proceedings of the National   Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 80(22), 7051-7053.   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Nuclear Decommissioning: Decommission nuclear   facilities – World Nuclear Association. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Nuclear fusion – your time has come. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Nuclear Power Plants and Earthquakes – World Nuclear   Association. (n.d.). Retrieved 5   23, 2019, from

Plasma.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia:

Poplawski, N. J. (2011). Matter-antimatter asymmetry   and dark matter from torsion. Physical Review D, 83(8), 084033. Retrieved   5 23, 2019, from

Review of U.S. Human Spaceflight Plans Committee. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from NASA:

Safety of Nuclear Power Reactors. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Secret space plane lands at US air force base after   unknown two-year mission. (n.d.).   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Smolin vs. Susskind: The Anthropic Principle.   (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

The Birth of the Universe and the Origin of Laws of   Physics – CornellCast. (n.d.).   Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

The man who proved Stephen Hawking wrong. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Today–President Signs NASA 2010 Authorization Act. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

United States Space Force. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from Wikipedia: The   Free Encyclopedia:

US and Russia in danger of returning to era of nuclear   rivalry. (n.d.). Retrieved 5 23,   2019, from

Wall, M. (n.d.). Air Force’s secret X-37B space   plane lands in Calif. after mystery mission. Retrieved 5 23, 2019, from

Webster, M. T., Witkin, K. L., & Cohen-Fix, O.   (2009). Sizing up the nucleus: nuclear shape, size and nuclear-envelope   assembly. Journal of Cell Science, 122(10), 1477-1486. Retrieved 5 23,   2019, from

American Communications Online is sharing the open source   media with social media online and groups on Facebook. Theresa J Morris is   sharing opportunities to embrace the digital experience of ALIENOLOGY. UFO   Association is co-created for ufo enthusiasts who desire to be known among   their peers. 

Visualizing electron delocalization,   electron-proton correlations, and the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox during   the photodissociation of a diatomic molecule using two ultrashort laser   pulses

(Faculty information sheet) (The Birth of  the Universe and the Origin of Laws of Physics – CornellCast, n.d.) (Smolin vs.  Susskind: The Anthropic Principle) (The man who  proved Stephen Hawking wrong, n.d.)

(Heller & Sasin, 1998) (Ne’eman,  1983) (Moreau,  Mougin-Sisini, Devaux, & Lantz, 2012) (Hofer, 2011)

(Poplawski, 2011) Morris ET, Theresa J Morris.jpgACO Invisible College,Advanced Communications A,Allied Command Org,NASA,TJ Morris ET Radio,Theresa J Thurmond Morris,UFO Association,UFO Secret Space Command,consciousness,essence,et spirit,life coach,physics,soul,space,speakers


TJ Morris Agency, Shares Project Cosmos Exposed, American Communications Online, Webmasters, Administrators, Virtual Assistants, Authors Book Club, ACO Event Managers.
Theresa J Morris, TJ Morris Media News Publishing Agency, TJ Morris ET Radio, TJ Morris Radio Broadcasting ACO Club, TJ Morris Agency, UFO Secret Space, UFO Association, ACO Association, Peer to Peer Review Journals, Radio Shows, Podcasts, Videos

You may also like...